Tuberculosis Prevention and Control

Tuberculosis is one of the major infectious causes of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Detection and effective treatment of all patients with active Tuberculosis is central to the prevention and control of Tuberculosis in the country. In line with national strategies, during the 2007EFY, Oromia RHB along with Zonal and Woreda Health Bureaus, hospitals, health centers, health posts, and community structures has accomplished commendable measures in ensuring the timely detection of cases, treatment, and follow-up of patients.

Tuberculosis case detection rate, defined as the number of new and relapse tuberculosis cases diagnosed divided by the estimated number of incident tuberculosis cases, has increased in 2007EFY compared to previous year performance levels. The incidence of all forms of Tuberculosis is estimated to be 224 new cases for every 100,000 population. In 2007EFY, case detection rate for all forms of Tuberculosis was 65% with very diverse levels of achievement across zones, ranging from 42% in Jimma zone to 91% in Guji zone. There is an urgent need to improve case detection rate in most zones of the region in order to stop the spread of infection.

Remarkable levels of performance have been achieved in treating already diagnosed patients. During the fiscal year, cure rate and treatment success rate were 85% and 93%, respectively. However, there are potential threats related to the emergence of multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB).

In its five years strategic plan, Oromia RHB has identified Tuberculosis as an area of focus for the period of GTP-2. Adequate attention will be given to increase TB case detection and prevent MDR-TB in the region. The Bureau, along with lower levels of the health system, the FMOH, community organizations, and development partners, will also continue efforts to ensure the provision of quality treatment services in order to maintain the current high levels of treatment success and cure rates.